Arduino based Underground Cable Fault Detection

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  • Arduino based Underground Cable Fault Detection

Arduino based Underground Cable Fault Detection

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Product Description

The objective of this project is to determine the distance of underground cable fault from base station in kilometers USING AN Arduino board. The underground cable system is a common practice followed in many urban areas. While a fault occurs for some reason, at that time the repairing process related to that particular cable is difficult due to not knowing the exact location of the cable fault.

The proposed system is to find the exact location of the fault. The project uses the standard concept of Ohms law i.e., when a low DC voltage is applied at the feeder end through a series resistor (Cable lines), then current would vary depending upon the location of fault in the cable. In case there is a short circuit (Line to Ground), the voltage across series resistors changes accordingly, which is then fed to inbuilt ADC of Arduino board to develop precise digital data for display in kilometers.

The project is assembled with a set of resistors representing cable length in KM’s and fault creation is made by a set of switches at every known KM to cross check the accuracy of the same. The fault occurring at a particular distance and the respective phase is displayed on a LCD interfaced to the Arduino board. Further this project can be enhanced by using capacitor in an ac circuit to measure the impedance which can even locate the open circuited cable, unlike the short circuited fault only using resistors in DC circuit as followed in the above proposed project.

Project Highlights

  • Easy to use, Self-explanatory kit.
  • All-inclusive solution kit.
  • Extensive audio-visuals available.
  • Branding-free material.
  • Pre-programmed Microcontroller.
  • Arduino Development Board.
  • Call/mail for Tech Support from 10 am - 7 pm.
  • Can be Customized for Arduino, Raspberry Pi, PIC

Block Diagram

Hardware Requirements

  • LCD
  • Crystal
  • Relays
  • Relay Driver IC
  • Transformer
  • Diodes
  • Voltage Regulator
  • Resistors
  • Capacitors
  • ATmega AVR series Microcontroller
  • LEDs
  • slide switches
  • Arduino board

Software Requirements

  • Language: Arduino Programming Language.

Get 100% Assured Successful Results

A simple and effective plan that assures you the best scores, a plan that gives you time to read, learn, practically experience the whole workings of your project and create a successful unit you can proudly showcase. And the best part is this… even if your own project unit malfunctions... you will still have a ready-made project unit for yourself, just in case there is a last minute issue that you or your teammates could not solve. Confused? Well let me explain.

Plan A: Create A Successful Project Model By Yourself

Plan B: Have A Expertly-Made & Quality-Tested Replica Of Your Project For Assured Results

So here’s how it works.

In my engineering days, we used to struggle replicating a PCB model from our text books with real tools. We had a tough time with the circuits and most of the time - they used to fail. So I wanted to solve this problem not just for myself but for all my fellow students like you. Young, energetic and knowledgeable youth who really want to learn but still cannot afford to fail with the project because it matters and the colleges rarely help us out productively.

So I want to give you a beautiful DIY model of the project that also includes:

  1. A Complete set of tools, circuit diagrams, tested PCD, zero board, audiovisuals and everything else you will need to execute your project to perfection.
  2. A ready-made unit of the project itself, so that you can actually see, test and learn in real-time and if by any chance you could not complete the unit by yourself - can submit this unit for an assured first-class score.

Sounds like a dream? Well, yes it is and here’s how you can benefit from this project not just in your final year but also help you with your interviews and in the future too.

User Reviews

electronicshub

"I live in Hyderabad, a place that is known for engineering colleges. Went with frnd and bought a set from Ameerpet(tht hs rdymade stuff like this) and it failed just b4 viva. Thats when we got this thx to a senior who is sorta like a geek.. and let me tell u.. Its one reason why me and my frnds got thru the final sem. Works great and is useful too later.. "

Ravi Teja
Order No: HYF1290
electronicshub

"A must-buy. It helped me practice in real time and learn how to make a project by looking at an actual workable unit. (fyi - you get a fully built unit and another full set of components to build another by yourself) so it was great value for us. We shared the costs by 3 (our team for the project) but i got to keep my unit as the other two kept the original. Showed it for my on-campus and got thru too becuase it not just looked neat and profesionally bt worked great later. (still have it in my room, now working with GE in Bangalore) "

Anusha
Order No: BLR2933
electronicshub

"We have used it for our institution - it is available in lab and has been good for explaining various models in live during class. Strongly suggest every college dept to have it for labs as it is working well - even with regular use at lab for more than 1 year. Note:We got the unit complementarity before launch in 2014 and have later purchased few batches. The team behind it is professional and know what electronics students need and i am writing this review on their request on 13/05/2016"

Mr. Ramesh Kumar Jha
Order No: BQF3698

Q&A

Q:  How is the underground cable fault detection done?

A:  Underground cable fault detection is done using cable voltage drop as an input and resistance at every kilometer is the consideration.

Q:  How is the fault detected?

A:  Cable length represented by a set of resistors is subjected to a current flow through a series resistor, the voltage drop of which is used in the programming through in-built ADC to calculate the distance.

Q:  What are the types of fault created in this system?

A:  Three Line to Ground, three Line-to-Lines and line to line are the types of faults created in this system.

Q:   Which microcontroller is used in this project?

A:  Arduino development board with ATMega328 microcontroller is used in this project.

Q:  From any digital energy meter internal circuit that delivers one pulse per a certain fraction of one unit is taken from its blinking LED points.

A:  Using Arduino is easier as one can avoid assembly of a microcontroller circuit with ADC etc.

Q:  What is the formula for calculating smoothing capacitor value?

A:  There is some approximated formula .Peak to peak ripple voltage = Load current in amps / (2*line frequency in hertz *capacitance in farads). But as rule of thumb for 1 A current 1000uF is best. Thus it is load dependent.

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